Production of children cycle and tricycle started in 1870 to emulate the ones for adults.
They were first manufactured in France. For what it concerns Italy, Giordani, a company based in Bologna, were the pioneers in cycle production, selling since the XIX century.
The materials used at that time were metal for the chassis and wood for the wheels, substituted later with metal and gum tire in 1920, more comfortable for the kids.
Bicycles were highly diffused a decade later thanks to the famous Balilla and Giordani and their square-shaped bar for tires, selling more than 100,000 unities. Then, they started producing models with tubular tires.